Top 3 Popular Backend Web Frameworks for Web App Development in 2022

Popular Backend Web Frameworks
Web Development

Top 3 Popular Backend Web Frameworks for Web App Development in 2022

In a world that’s constantly evolving, having a website, that creates a distinguished online presence for your business, be it big or small, is very crucial. A website created with a sophisticated and perceptive design is an effective way to reach a wider audience base. To do this, using the right kind of web development framework that suits your applications and websites becomes imperative.

Before we dive into the frameworks and their features, let’s try to understand what exactly is a web development framework and why is it important?

A web development framework or a web framework is a software framework that is designed to support the development of web applications including web services, web resources, and web APIs (Application Programming Interfaces). It offers a plethora of pre-written components, code snippets, and application templates. Following are some of its key benefits:

Key Benefits of Web Development Framework

       1. Developing process becomes faster – Frameworks come with pre-written templates and packages which help the developers jumpstart their developing process thereby preventing them from writing all scripts from scratch.

       2. Reduces Code Length – The predefined codebase present in the templates eliminates the need to write lengthy codes. Further, the frameworks provide features and tools that allow developers to go about automating everyday tasks such as Internet development, text storage, URL mapping, etc. which results in saving time and effort for the developers. 

       3. Superior security – Frameworks come with built-in security features and methods which help developers to safeguard their websites against cyberattacks and other threats.

       4. Easy Debugging and Maintenance – Most frameworks come with built-in testing and debugging features that allow the developers to easily maintain and update the app. There is always an immediate response to any problem that arises within the framework.

Types of Web Development Frameworks:

Web frameworks are generally classified into two types – front-end frameworks (or client-side) and back-end frameworks (or server-side).

  • Front-End Frameworks – These frameworks are used to design the user interface of the application. It is the part of the application that is visible to the users. These frameworks are based on programming languages such as HTML, JavaScript, and CSS. Some of its key features include UI/UX designing, SEO optimization, and enhancing the scalability of the application.
  • Back-End Frameworks- These frameworks are used to design the hidden or backend part of the application. It works in the background to ensure smooth functioning of the application. These frameworks are based on programming languages such as Python, JavaScript, PHP, Ruby, and. NET. Some of its key features include server handling, designing site architecture, database management, security, and URL routing

Let’s discuss some of the popular back-end frameworks and their key features to consider in 2022.

 Also Read: Choosing the right technology stack for web application development

Top 3 Popular Back-End Web Development Frameworks to Consider in 2022.

1. Ruby on Rails 

Ruby on Rails or Rails is one of the oldest open-source web app development frameworks written in the Ruby programming language. It is based on MVC (Model-view-controller) architecture that offers a default structure for web services and pages. It combines Ruby, JavaScript, CSS, and HTML to develop dynamic applications. Some of the popular companies that use Ruby on Rails are Fiverr, Hulu, Shopify, and Airbnb.

Key Features:
  • It has robust libraries that simplify the coding of common programming tasks like session management, form validation, etc.
  • It is ideal for developing high-speed applications. 
  • It is beginner-friendly that is easy to understand and learn.
  • It uses well-known software engineering paradigms like Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) and Convention Over Configuration (CoC) which help the developers in reducing the repetition of information or codes and offers multiple assumptions to get the application started.
2. Laravel 

Laravel, created by Taylor Otwell in 2011, is one of the most popular open-sourced frameworks written in PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) and based on MVC (Model-view-controller) architecture. It has built-in API support and a good quantity of packages that allow it to extend its capabilities. It also includes a built-in object-relational mapper (ORM) with PHP Active Record implementation. With an ORM, developers can query databases using PHP syntax, without having to write any SQL code. Its main idea is to make updating websites fun and simple. It remains a popular choice among developers for its features, versatility, and execution.

Key Features:
  • It uses MVC (Model-view-controller) architecture that ensures developing and deploying web applications quick and easy.
    • It offers expressive and elegant syntax that allows the developers to be creative and flexible while handling background details.
    • It offers robust security with its salted and hashed password methods. These passwords are created using the Bcrypt Hashing Algorithm, wherein the passwords are stored as encrypted passwords in a database and not as plaintext.
  • It has a compelling template system and comprehensive documentation making it very simple and user-friendly.
SEE ALSO: Top 11 Web Development Technologies That You Need To Know In 2022
3. Django 

Django is one of the best Python-based open-sourced free frameworks used in web development. It is based on the Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle, which focuses on code reusing, thus enhancing the development speed. Designed by experienced engineers, it helps in developing complex, highly scalable, and data-driven web applications. Instagram, Spotify, The Washington Post, YouTube, etc. are some of the popular companies using this framework. This framework can be used in any format such as HTML, XML, and JSON.

Key Features:
  • It is highly scalable due to its code reusability and caching options, making the app capable of effectively handling any traffic demand.
  • It is easy to optimize the apps designed with Django as they are SEO- friendly and maintained through URLs rather than IP addresses.
  • It uses Model-View-Template architecture, which allows the platform to run anywhere and assist asynchronous and reactive programming.
  • It offers various security features which serve in avoiding SQL injections, cross-scripting, and other security risks.

In a nutshell

The number of frameworks has grown immensely in recent years. Listed above are a few equipped with exceptional functionalities and features. Choosing the right framework that best suits your project will help you create a staggering online presence for your business. We will be discussing more of them in the next blog. 

To be continued…

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